LSI offers the MegaRAID CLI tool, which is a bit cryptic to use. Here are some pointers to get started with it.
Download it from the LSI website - look for a recent version of MegaRAID CLI, for example here.
Quick reference guide is available here
Some other helpful resources:
Einarc may be a good alternative to the megaraid CLI. It provides a unified intereface to various RAID devices with a better interface http://www.inquisitor.ru/doc/einarc/
Here is another blog post with some helpful hints:
List all drives, then get info on a specific one:
[[email protected]]# /opt/MegaRAID/MegaCli/MegaCli64 -PDList -aALL > pdlist.txt [[email protected]]# /opt/MegaRAID/MegaCli/MegaCli64 -PDInfo -PhysDrv[0:4]
Other Interesting stuff:
[[email protected]]# /opt/MegaRAID/MegaCli/MegaCli64 -AdpAllInfo -aALL [[email protected]]# /opt/MegaRAID/MegaCli/MegaCli64 -AdpEventLog -GetEvents -f events.log -aALL && cat events.log [[email protected]]# /opt/MegaRAID/MegaCli/MegaCli64 -CfgDdsply -a2 > cfgdsply.txt
Replacing a drive.
From the above referenced quick reference by Moritz Mertinkat, the steps to replace a drive would be:
8 Walkthrough: Change/replace a drive 1. Set the drive offline, if it is not already offline due to an error MegaCli -PDOffline -PhysDrv [E:S] -aN 2. Mark the drive as missing MegaCli -PDMarkMissing -PhysDrv [E:S] -aN 3. Prepare drive for removal MegaCli -PDPrpRmv -PhysDrv [E:S] -aN 4. Change/replace the drive 5. If you’re using hot spares then the replaced drive should become your new hot spare drive MegaCli -PDHSP -Set -PhysDrv [E:S] -aN 6. In case you’re not working with hot spares, you must re-add the new drive to your RAID virtual drive and start the rebuilding MegaCli -PdReplaceMissing -PhysDrv [E:S] -ArrayN -rowN -aN MegaCli -PDRbld -Start -PhysDrv [E:S] -aN
Another good resource is here showing for example how to determine the arguments to use to run a rebuild on an array when a new drive is not automatically recognized.
MegaCli and smartctl
To get the device ID within the array, say if you know per Dell OpenMange that the drive is in slot 4, query with:
[[email protected] smartmontools-5.40]# /opt/MegaRAID/MegaCli/MegaCli64 -PDInfo -PhysDrv[0:4] -aAll ... Enclosure Device ID: 0 Slot Number: 4 Device Id: 11 <== Sequence Number: 4 Media Error Count: 0 Other Error Count: 6 Predictive Failure Count: 1 ...
From the above, we learn this failed drive is device ID 11, so we can now query it using smartctl to see the full smart info:
[[email protected] smartmontools-5.40]# /usr/local/sbin/smartctl -a -d megaraid,11 /dev/sdc
(Note this requires a recent version of smartmontools.)
/opt/MegaRAID/MegaCli/MegaCli64 -PDList -aALL > pdlist.txt grep -B 20 -A 10 -i unconfigured pdlist.txt or egrep 'Adapter|Enclosure|Slot|Inquiry|Device Id|Firmware state' pdlist.txt
From the above we learn Enclosure Device ID: 32 and Device Id: 28 for the failed device.
/opt/MegaRAID/MegaCli/MegaCli64 -PDInfo -PhysDrv [32:28] -a0
You can then try to view smartinfo (if drive is online)
smartctl -a -d sat+megaraid,28 -T permissive /dev/sda